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SHIANT ISLANDS 2000 SMALL FINDS

COPPER ALLOY

1.       An irregular, 7x4cm. sub-rectangular, 2mm. thick, fragment of corroded copper alloy plate. No identification of functional use possible. SFN2. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

2.       Copper alloy dome shaped plain button standing 5mm. high with a diameter of 203mm. A single fastening loop under the dome. SFN 3. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

3.       A folded copper alloy strip 11.5cm. long  and 13mm. wide when folded, which may be a fragment of binding strip such as found finishing the cover board edges of bibles for example. SFN 4. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

4.       Two corroded undecorated flat copper alloy buttons 14mm. in diameter and 1mm. thick, with single loop fastening, SFN 74. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

5.       A machine made copper alloy sewing thimble with even round punching covering all of the body and even square punching covering the rounded head. Slightly squashed. SFN 76. Site HI15B. Context B30, wall 4. Phase B. 

6.       An annular copper alloy brooch of possible late 16th century date. - full description and report when drawing is completed - Found in a pre-barn, possibly pre-blackhouse deposit SFN 85. Site HI15B. Context B34. Phase E.

 

IRON

1.       Iron. Two lengths of corroded barbed fencing wire. SFN 6. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

2.       Iron. Three corroded unidentifiable iron plate fragments,  possibly from a stove or cauldron. SFN 7. Site HI158A. Context A2. Phase B.

3.       Iron. A short length of unidentifiable corroded round section iron tubing. SFN 8. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

4.       Iron. Seven corroded iron boat strake rivets, 6.5 cm. long with rounded heads up to 2.5 cm across and bottom washers of 1.75 cm diameter. The shaft is around 9mm. in diameter. These rivets are a common feature of wooden boat construction and have remained little changed since the early medieval period. The rivets found here are comparable in every way with strake rivets found in the construction of the Sutton Hoo ship burial vessel. (Bruce-Mitford 1975. notably Fig. 277, E). A further twenty assorted fragments are included in this group. SFN 9. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

5.       Iron. A short length of corroded wire,  most likely barbed fencing wire. SFN 10. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

6.       Iron. An elongated triangular object of corroded iron. 10.5 cm. long from a 4.5 cm. wide twin rounded butt end that shows evidence of being open for finger holds. The object is most likely a pair of scissors. SFN 11. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

7.       Iron. Three boat strake rivet fragments. SFN 12. Site HI15F. Context B30. Phase B.

8.       Iron. An iron boat strake rivet fragment. SFN 13. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

9.       Iron. A 7.5 cm. length of corroded fencing wire. SFN 14. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

10.    Iron. A large quadrant of flat iron plate with broken sides of 10.5 cm. opposite a curved outer rim with a beaded edge. Possibly part of a griddle plate. SFN 15. Site HI15B. Context B1 topsoil. Phase A.

11.    Iron. A corroded fragment of an iron boat strake rivet. SFN 16. Site HI15B. Context B1 topsoil. Phase A.

12.    Iron. A corroded iron boat strake rivet. SFN 17. Site HI15A. Context A12. Phase D. This find is apparently out of context having migrated down from Phase B deposits possibly via rat burrowing along the side of the house wall

13.    Iron. A fragment of corroded angled cast iron rectangular in section 15x10mm. with one arm 7 cm. long and the other 11 cm. Probably part of a stove fitting. SFN 18. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

14.    Iron. A corroded fragment of iron cauldron. SFN 19. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

15.    Iron. A corroded iron rod 16.5 cm. long, circular in section with a diameter of approximately 15mm. Function unknown. SFN 20. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

16.    Iron. A corroded iron boat strake rivet. SFN 21. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

17.    Iron. A corroded shaft fragment of an iron boat strake rivet. SFN 22. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

18.    Iron. A corroded shaft fragment of an iron boat strake rivet. SFN 23. Site HI15A/B. Context wall top 1/2. Phase B.

19.    Iron. A corroded shaft fragment of an iron boat strake rivet. SFN 24. Site HI15B. Context B33. Phase D. (Possibly migrated down).

20.    Iron. A fragment of fencing wire. SFN 25. Site HI15A. Context A5. Phase B.

21.    Iron. A corroded fragment of iron boat strake rivet. SFN 26. Site HI15A. Context A5. Phase B.

22.    Iron. A fragment of fencing wire. SFN 27. Site HI15B. Context B32. Phase C.

23.    Iron. A small corroded fragment of iron plate. SFN 28. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

24.    Iron. A corroded iron boat strake rivet. SFN 29. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

25.    Iron. Corroded mass. Unidentifiable. SFN 30. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

26.    Iron. A corroded 4 inch wood nail. SFN 31. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

27.    Iron. A corroded iron boat strake rivet. SFN 32. Site HI15A. Context  A1 topsoil. Phase A.

28.    Iron. A corroded iron mass. Two bonded corroded boat strake rivets. SFN 33. Site HI15A. Context A1 Topsoil. Phase A.

29.    Iron. A corroded iron mass. Two corroded boat strake rivet shafts bonded. SFN 34. Site HI15A. Context A1. Phase A.

30.    Iron. An unidentified corroded iron mass. SFN 35. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

31.    Iron. Four corroded iron boat strake rivet fragments. SFN 36. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

32.    Iron. Three corroded iron boat strake rivets. SFN 37. Site HI15B. Context B30, wall 4. Phase B.

33.    Iron. Fragment of corroded square section iron rod. SFN 38. Site HI15B. Context B30, wall 4. Phase B.

34.    Iron. Cast iron foot. D shaped section with flat 17x28mm foot area. Possibly the foot of a free standing iron stove. SFN 39. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

35.    Iron. A rectangular plate with one end angled to a flattened point.15.5 cm long to the point tip and 10 cm. wide. Possibly a hoe blade. SFN 40. Site HI15B. Context B30, wall 2. Phase B.

36.    Iron. A corroded iron boat strake rivet. SFN 41. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

37.    Iron. A corroded 4 inch wood nail. SFN 42. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

38.    Iron. Four fragments of thin corroded iron plate. SFN 43. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

39.    Iron. Two fragments of corroded curved iron cauldron body. SFN 44. Site HI15B. Context B30.

40.    Iron. A 8 cm. long fragment of iron rod. SFN 45. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

41.    Iron. A corroded iron boat strake rivet. SFN 79. Site HI15B. Context B30, wall 3. Phase B.

42.    Iron. A corroded heavy iron point 60 cm. long, hollowed at the butt end 4 cm. diameter (8 cm. outer diameter) to allow the hafting of a wooden handle pole shaft. Possibly a tool connected with the kelp industry, used either during the burning process in the kelp oven or for collecting the kelp from the sea. The point has a mass of corrosion that suggests the possibility that a hook or barb once existed. SFN 82. Site HI15A. Context A3. Phase C.    DRAWN

43.    Iron. An iron rod bent to an acute angle with a point at one end and a wooden handle still evident at the other forms a tool most possibly used in the kelp industry, unfortunately no parallel for this tool has so far been found. The two lengths of the acutely bent bar are 38 cm for the pointed end which is straight, rectangular in section 17x14mm. but decreasing along most of the length to the slender point. Half of the pointed length, nearest the bend is trapezoidal in section 22mm. long, 12mm. at the widest and 5mm at the narrowest end, appearing to form some narrowed blunt outer working edge that could be used for crushing rather than cutting. This edge is 12 cm. long and is introduced by a short curve as the rod widens. The opposite length had a wooden handle 21 cm. long and 3 cm in diameter at the end. Towards the bend the handle is masked by a large encrustation of corrosion. The exposed rod from the handle to the bend is 14mm. square in section and bend in a slight curve. Rammed on the pointed length is an iron washer or ring, it is not possible to determine whether this forms a functional part or is some later action unconnected with the original working function of the tool. SFN 83. Site HI15A. Context A3. Phase C. DRAWN

44.    Iron. A large rectangular fragment, 17.5x16 cm., of a cast iron cooking cauldron. All but one edge, possibly the rim, are raggedly broken. The fragment is curved in both directions, but the curve opposite the rim occurs only towards the edge giving the vessel a straight sided profile until the lower section is reached. The rim diameter is calculated at 26 cm. The outer face is heavily corroded while the inner face also appears to have a thick deposit of peat adhering to the surface. SFN 86. Site HI15A. Context A3. Phase C.

45.    Iron. Two corroded iron boat strake rivets. SFN 87. Site HI15A. Context A3. Phase C.

46.    Iron. A heavily corroded and encrusted iron rod 17.5 cm. long and approximately 10mm. in circular diameter. There is possibly an angled foot at one end but corrosion deposits make this uncertain. SFN 88. Site HI15A. Context A3. Phase C.

47.    Iron. A fragment of very corroded and encrusted iron rod of flat rectangular section 20x10mm.bent to a right angle. The surviving length from each side of the bend are 11 cm. and 8 cm. SFN 89. Site HI15A. Context A3. Phase C.

48.    Iron. A lightly corroded irregular rectangular 7x6 cm. shaped fragment of iron cauldron rim with a flared angular shoulder to rim profile and 36 cm. rim diameter. Wall thickness is 4mm. SFN 90. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

 

TIN

1.       Tin. A corroded fragment of a bucket rim of folded sheet tin. SFN 46. Site HI15B. Context B30.

 

STONE

1.       Stone. Whetstone from a 12x7.5x4.5 cm. block of local basalt. Several faces show evidence of polish and one broad face has three possible sharpening grooves. SFN 5. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

2.       Stone. A small fragment of roofing slate. SFN 47. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

3.       Stone. A large fragment of roofing slate. SFN 48. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

4.       Stone. A fragment of roofing slate. SFN 49. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

5.       Stone. A struck tertiary flake of non-local volcanic tuff, possibly from Skye. SFN 50. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

6.       Stone. An unused core of nodular flint. SFN 51. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

7.       Stone. A struck tertiary flake of non-local volcanic tuff, possibly from Skye. SFN 52. Site HI15A/B. Context B30, wall 1/2. Phase B.

8.       Stone. A worked pyramid flint core. SFN 53. Site HI15A.

9.       Stone. A flint chip. SFN 54. Site HI15A. Context A3. Phase C.

10.    Stone. An exhausted flint core. SFN 55. Site HI15A. Context A3. Phase C.

11.    Stone. A struck tertiary flake of non-local volcanic tuff, possibly from Skye. SFN 56. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

12.    Stone. A struck tertiary flint flake. SFN 57. Site HI15B. Context B32. Phase C.

13.    Stone. A flint chip. SFN 58. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

14.    Stone. A struck tertiary flake of non-local volcanic tuff, possibly from Skye. SFN 59. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

15.    Stone. A flint chip. SFN 60. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

16.    Stone. A tertiary struck flint flake. SFN 61. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

17.    Stone. A tertiary struck flint flake. SFN 62. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

18.    Stone. A flint chip. SFN 63. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

19.    Stone. A flint chip. SFN 64. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

20.    Stone. A primary flint flake struck from a nodule. SFN 65. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

21.    Stone. A flint chip from a pebble. SFN 66. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

22.    Stone. A struck tertiary flake of non-local volcanic tuff, possibly from Skye. SFN 67. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

23.    Stone. A chip of flint pebble. SFN 68. Site HI15B. Context 30, wall 4. Phase B.

24.    Stone. A struck tertiary flake of non-local volcanic tuff, possibly from Skye. SFN 69. Site HI15B. Context B30, wall 4. Phase B.

25.    Stone. A struck tertiary flake of non-local volcanic tuff, possibly from Skye. SFN 70. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

26.    Stone. A struck tertiary flake of non-local volcanic tuff, possibly from Skye. SFN 71. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

27.    Stone. An implement, possibly a gardening pick hoe, made from the local basalt bedrock. An elongated trapezoidal shape 12 cm. long, 3.75 cm. at its widest ‘blade end’, which is slightly rounded, 2.25 cm. at the narrowest tang end, and 1.5 to 1.75 cm. thick. All the surfaces are smoothly polished, except for the tang end which appears chipped, but without the hollowing that may be expected if it was a whetstone. This may be a product of the stone working area in the nearby scree (Site HI 12). SFN 78. Site HI15B. Context B30, wall 2. Phase B.    DRAWN

28.    Stone. A tertiary flake of non-local volcanic tuff, possibly from Skye. SFN 80. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.

29.    Stone. A flattened almost round sea cobble of Torridonian sandstone 25-27 cm. in diameter and 12.5 cm. thick. One surface has been reduced and a cross within an equal armed circle has been pecked 1.5 cm. deep with V shaped grooves into the prepared surface. The grooves of the outer circle are more U shaped, 2-3 cm wide at the top, with a tendency to splay out at the inner edge. SFN 81. Site HI15A. Context A16. Phase F. (The stone was lying face down with the design hidden. The stone appeared to be within context A15, a soil layer, but when it was lifted the burnt material of floor surface A16 was adhering to the stone showing that it had been put down on the floor and left while the soil of A15 enveloped and eventually covered it.)    DRAWN Photo

30.    Stone. A broken fragment of flat rotary upper millstone approximately 44 cm. in diameter, broken across the central feed hole. The thickness is 13.5 cm. at the centre and 8 cm. at the outer edge. Apparently it was used in the seating or bedding arrangement to the north side of the late post-clearance hearth (A11) during the last period of temporary or occasional use, but it must belong to one of the earlier occupation phases before the blackhouse was abandoned after the late 18th century clearance. The stone is from the Jurassic outcrop on Mary island. SFN 84. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

 

CERAMIC

1.       Ceramic. Clay tobacco pipe bowl with foot and some stem. Without makers mark or decoration. SFN 72. Site HI15A. Context A12. Phase D.                         

2.       Ceramic. Clay tobacco pipe bowl with foot and some stem. SFN 73. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

3.       Ceramic. Clay tobacco pipe stem fragment. 3 cm. long with a 6mm. diameter and a 2mm. diameter bore. SFN 75. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

4.       Bone. A rectangular 18x4.5 cm. whalebone spatula crudely shaped by knife using a sawing and hacking motions. SFN 77. Site HI15B. Context B30. Phase B.   DRAWN

5.       Ceramic. A fragment of white stoneware salt glazed dinner or soup plate The inner bottom surface has been decorated with the picture of a fully rigged sailing ship carefully etched into the transparent glaze. The work is of a high standard and very accurately executed and cross hatch etching has been added on the sails to give the effect of depth and shadow. The work is reminiscent of scrimshaw work usually carried out on sea ivory and bone. SFN 91. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.    DRAWN       

 

LEATHER

1.       Leather. Hand made leather button. Roughly cut 250mm. diameter disc of 2mm. thick leather perforated with three holes that may have become elongated through use. The holes are in an off-centre triangular configuration. This button appears to represent a quick and roughly executed ‘make do and mend’ act probably with limited appropriate materials at hand. SFN 1. Site HI15A. Context A2. Phase B.

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